The precise cause of Rosacea is not known at this time. However, there may be a number of factors that contribute to its development. When the blood vessels in the face dilate too much, the excess blood just under the skin causes the patchy redness of the skin associated with Rosacea. There may also be both lifestyle and environmental triggers for this blood vessel dilation. Blood flow issues, bacteria within the skin, minuscule skin mites, immune system issues, irritated skin follicles, and sun damage of tissues beneath the skin could all potentially contribute to Rosacea.
Rosacea can occur in both men and women, and people of any age can get it. However, it is fairly rare to see Rosacea in children and teenagers. About 17 percent of patients develop Rosacea before they turn 30. About 43 percent of patients develop Rosacea between age 30 and age 50. The remaining 39 percent of Rosacea patients first experience the condition after the age of 50, according to a survey conducted by the National Rosacea Society.
Rosacea is treated according to its type. Some Rosacea patients experience only facial reddening while others have bumps and actual thickening of the skin. For the milder cases of Rosacea, laser or pulsed light therapy can be an effective way to reduce redness and visible blood vessels. Oral antibiotics may be used to control cases of moderate Rosacea. Once the condition has significantly lessened, the patient may continue to use a topical therapy to maintain the results from the antibiotics. For severe cases of Rosacea, and for cases where other treatments are not effective, the dermatologist may recommend options like cryosurgery or radiofrequency ablation.